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Campus Address: 

Room 611A WARF
610 Walnut Street
Madison, WI 53726

Campus Phone Number: 
(608) 262-2680

Paul Peppard, PhD

  • Associate Professor
  • Department of Population Health Sciences


Paul Peppard joined the faculty of the Department of Population Health Sciences in 2008. He holds MS degrees in Preventive Medicine and Statistics, and a PhD degree in Epidemiology from UW-Madison.

Dr. Peppard conducts NIH-funded epidemiologic research into the causes and consequences of sleep disorders. Specific areas of interest include: the impact of the obesity epidemic on sleep apnea prevalence; the behavioral (e.g., physical inactivity, weight gain) and genetic predictors of sleep disorders; and outcomes of sleep disorders (e.g., cognitive dysfunction, hypertension, depression). In addition, Paul is Co-Director of the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin (SHOW), a statewide research study designed to measure a broad range of health conditions in Wisconsin. Other areas of current interest include health disparities, summary measures of population health, and population health monitoring.

Courses Taught:

  • PHS 806: Advanced Epidemiology: The Practice of Epidemiology (4th in the graduate epidemiology methods sequence), 2014 - present
  • PHS 805: (Instructor, L. Bautista) Epidemiologic Methods 4 (Mendelian randomization, Ecologic Studies, and Meta-alanyses modules), 2013 - present
  • PHS 802: Advanced Epidemiology, 2009 - 2012
  • PHS 798: (Instructor, L. Bautista): Epidemiology Methods II (Measurement error module), 2002 - 2013)

Research Weblinks:

Survey of the Health of Wisconsin (SHOW)

Select Publications

Teodorescu M, Barnet JH, Hagen EW, Palta M, Young TB, Peppard PE. Association Between Asthma and Risk of Developing Obstructive Sleep Apnea. JAMA. 2015; 313(2): 156-164.

Mokhlesi B, Finn LA, Hagen EW, Young T, Hla KM, Van Cauter E. Peppard PE. Obstructive Sleep Apnea During REM Sleep and Hypertension. Results of the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014; 190(10): 1158-1167.

Reither EN, Krueger PM, Hale L, Reiter EM, Peppard PE. Variation in the Association Between Sleep and Body Mass Among US Adolescents. International Journal of Obesity (Lond). 2014; 38(7): 944-949.

Warby SC, Wendt SL, Welinder P, Munk EGS, Carrillo O, Sorensen HBD, Jennum P, Peppard PE, Perona P, Mignot E. Sleep Spindle Detection: Crowdsourcing and Evaluating Performance of Experts, Non-experts, and Automated Methods. Nature Methods. 2014; 11(4): 385-392.

Kruger AK, Reither EN, Peppard PE, Krueger PM, Hale L. Do Sleep-Deprived Adolescents Make Less-Healthy Food Choices? British Journal of Nutrition. 2014; 111(10): 1898-1904.

Peppard PE, Reichmuth KJ. Sound Sleep, A Crucial Component of Military Medicine's Armamentarium? Commentary on Macera et al. Do Sleep Problems Mediate the Relationship Between Traumatic Brain Injury and Development of Mental Health Symptoms After Deployment? SLEEP. 2013; 36(1): 7-8.

Peppard PE, Young T, Barnet JH, Palta M, Hagen EW, Hla KM. Increased Prevalence of Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Adults. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2013; 177(9): 1006-1014.

Nikodemova M, Finn L, Mignot E, Salzieder N, Peppard PE. Association of Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Cognitive Deficit in APOE ε4 Carriers. SLEEP. 2013; 36(6): 873-80.

Andlauer O, Moore H, Jouhier L, Drake C, Peppard PE, Han F, Hong SC, Poli F, Plazzi G, O'Hara R, Haffen E, Roth T, Young T, Mignot E. Nocturnal Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Latency for Identifying Patients with Narcolepsy/Hypocretin Deficiency. JAMA Neurology. 2013; 70(7): 891-902.

Peppard PE, Nieto FJ. Here Come the Sleep Apnea-Cancer Studies. Commentary on Christensen et al., Symptoms of Sleep Disordered Breathing and Risk of Cancer: A Prospective Cohort Study. SLEEP. 2013; 36(10): 1409-1411.

Hagen EW, Mirer AG, Palta M, Peppard PE.. The Sleep Time Cost of Parenting: Sleep Duration and Sleepiness Among Employed Parents in the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2013; 177(5): 394-401.

Morrell M, Finn L, McMillian A, Peppard PE. The Impact of Aging and Gender on the Association Between Sleepiness and Sleep Disordered Breathing. European Respiratory Journal. 2012; 40(2): 386-393.

Awad KM, Malhorta A, Barnet JH, Quan SF, Peppard PE. Exercise is Associated with Reduced Incidence of Sleep-Disordered Breathing. American Journal of Medicine. 2012; 125(5): 485-490.

Nieto FJ, Peppard PE, Young T, Finn LA, Hla KM, Farre R. Sleep Apnea and Cancer Mortality: Results from the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2012; 186(2): 190-194.

Aran A, Lin L, Finn LA, Weiner K, Peppard PE, Young T, Mignot E. Post-Streptococcal Antibodies are Associated with Metabolic Syndrome in a Population-Based Cohort. PLoS One. 2011; 6(9): e25017.

Vardeny O, Peppard PE, Finn LA, Faraco JH, Mignot E, Hla KM. β2 Adrenergic Receptor Polymorphisms and Nocturnal Blood Pressure Dipping Status in the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study. Journal of the American Society of Hypertension. 2011; 5(2): 114-22.

Szklo-Coxe M, Young T, Peppard PE, Finn LA, Benca RM. Prospective Associations of Insomnia Markers and Symptoms with Depression. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2010; 171(6): 709-20.

Peppard PE, Ward NR, Morrell MJ. The Impact of Obesity on Oxygen Desaturation During Sleep-Disordered Breathing. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2009; 108(5): 788-793.

Hla KM, Young T, Finn L, Peppard PE, Szklo-Coxe M, Stubbs M. Longitudinal Association of Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Nondipping of Nocturnal Blood Pressure in the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study. SLEEP. 2008; 31(6): 795-800.

Peppard PE, Austin D, Brown RL. Association of Alcohol Consumption and Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Men and Women. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 2007; 3: 265-270.

Peppard PE, Szklo-Coxe M, Hla KM, Young T. Longitudinal Association of Sleep Related Breathing Disorder and Depression. Archives of Internal Medicine. 2006; 166: 1709-1715.

Peppard PE, Young TB. Exercise and Sleep-Disordered Breathing: An Association Independent of Body Habitus. Sleep. 2004; 27: 480-484.

Peppard PE, Young T, Palta M, Dempsey J, Skatrud J. Longitudinal Study of Moderate Weight Change and Sleep-Disordered Breathing. JAMA. 2000; 284(23): 3015-3021.

Peppard PE, Young T, Palta M, Skatrud J. Prospective Study of the Association Between Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Hypertension. New England Journal of Medicine. 2000; 342(19): 1378-1384.

Malecki KC, Engelman CD, Peppard PE, Nieto FJ, Grabow ML, Bernardinello M, Bailey E, Bersch AJ, Walsh MC, Lo JY, Martinez-Donate A. The Wisconsin Assessment of the Social and Built Environment (WASABE): A Multi-Dimensional Objective Audit Instrument for Examining Neighborhood Effects on Health. BMC Public Health. 2014; 14(1): 1165.

Bailey EJ, Malecki KC, Engelman CD, Walsh MC, Bersch AJ, Martinez-Donate AP, Peppard PE, Nieto FJ. Predictors of Discordance Between Perceived and Objective Neighborhood Data. Annals of Epidemiology. 2014; 24(3): 214-221.

Hale L, Hill TD, Friedman E, Nieto FJ, Galvao L, Engelman C, Malecki K, Peppard PE. Perceived Neighborhood Quality, Sleep Quality, and Health Status: Evidence from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin. Social Science & Medicine. In press

VanWormer JJ, Greenlee RT, McBride PE, Peppard PE, Malecki KM, Che J, Nieto FJ. Sociodemographic Determinants of Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: Data from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin. The Journal of Family Practice. In press for 2012.

Peppard PE, Engelman CD, McElroy JA, Galvao LW, Friedman EM, Bersch AJ, Malecki KC. The Survey of the Health of Wisconsin (SHOW), A Novel Infrastructure for Population Health Research: Rationale and Methods. BMC Public Health. 2010; 10(1): 785.

Kindig D, Peppard PE, Booske B. How Healthy Could a State Be? Public Health Reports. 2010; 125(2): 160-167.

Rabago D, Zgierska A, Peppard P, Bamber A. The Prescribing Patterns of Wisconsin Family Physicians Surrounding Saline Nasal Irrigation for Upper Respiratory Conditions. Wisconsin Medical Journal. 2009; 108(3): 145-50.

Peppard PE, Kindig D, Dranger E, Jovaag A, Remington PL. Ranking Community Health Status to Stimulate Discussion of Local Public Health Issues: The Wisconsin County Health Rankings. American Journal of Public Health. 2008; 98(2): 209-212.

Byrd DR , Katcher ML, Peppard PE, Durkin M, Remington PL. Infant Mortality: Explaining Black/White Disparities in Wisconsin. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2007; 11(4): 319-326.

Landis MJ, Peppard PE, Remington PL. Characteristics of School-Sanctioned Sports: Participation and Attrition in Wisconsin Public High Schools. Wisconsin Medical Journal. 2007; 106(6): 312-318.

Reither EN, Peppard PE, Remington PL, Kindig DA. Increasing Educational Disparities in Premature Adult Mortality, Wisconsin 1990-2000. Wisconsin Medical Journal. 2006; 105(7): 38-41.