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Contact Leonelo

Campus Address: 

Room 703 WARF
610 Walnut Street
Madison, WI 53726

Campus Phone Number: 
(608) 265-6176

Leonelo Bautista, MD, MPH, DrPH

  • Associate Professor


My main research interests include the distribution of cardiovascular diseases and risk factors in developing countries, the etiology of coronary heart disease, and the role of chronic mild inflammation and endothelial function on the development of essential hypertension. I am the Principal Investigator of the Consortium of Latin American Studies on Obesity (LASO). The main goal of LASO is to understand the causes and consequence of obesity in Latin America. A major topic of my research is the link between mild chronic inflammation and the development and clinical course of essential hypertension. I am also conducting studies on the role of quality of life, depression and socioeconomic factors on non-adherence to pharmacologic treatment among patients with hypertension.


  • Adjunct Professor, Department of Preventitive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD
  • Editorial Board Member, The Open Obesity Journal
  • Society for Epidemiologic Research
  • American College of Epidemiology
  • American Heart Association

Select Publications

Miranda JJ, Herrera VM, Chirinos JA, Gómez LF, Perel P, Pichardo R, González A, Sánchez JR, Ferreccio C, Aguilera X, Silva E, Oróstegui M, Medina-Lezama J, Pérez CM, Suárez E, Ortiz AP, Rosero L, Schapochnik N, Ortiz Z, Ferrante D, Casas JP, Bautista LE. Major Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Latin America: A Comparison with the United States. The Latin American Consortium of Studies in Obesity (LASO). PLOS ONE 2013; 8(1): e54056.

Bautista LE, Vera-Cala LM, Ferrante D, Herrera VM, Miranda JJ, Pichardo R, et al. A "Polypill" Aimed at Preventing Cardiovascular Disease Could Prove Highly Cost-Effective For Use in Latin America. Health Aff 2013; 32: 155-64.

Bautista, LE. Plasma HDL Cholesterol and Risk of Myocardial Infarction. The Lancet 2012; 380(9858): 1990-1991.

Bautista LE, Vera-Cala LM, Colombo C, Smith P. Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety and Adherence to Antihypertensive Medication. Am J Hypertens 2012; 25: 505-511

Fan C, Nieto FJ, Bautista LE, Fine JP. Vitamin D Intake and Cardiovascular Mortality in the NHANES I Epidemiological Follow-up Study Cohort. Journal of Dietary Supplements 2012; 9: 79-89.

Baumgartner J, Zhang, YX, Schauer JJ, Ezzati M, Patz J, Bautista LE. Household Air Pollution and Blood Pressure in Chinese Children. Epidemiology 2012; 23: 641-642.

Chow CK, Islam S, Bautista LE, Rumboldt Z, Yusufali A, Xie C, Anand SS, Engert JC, Rangarajan S, Yusuf S. Parental History and Myocardial Infarction Risk Across the World - The INTERHEART Study. JACC 2011; 57: 619-627.

Bautista LE, Vera LM. Antihypertensive Effects of Aspirin: What is the Evidence? Curr Hypertens Reports 2010; 12: 282-289.

Bautista LE. Genetic and Pharmacogenetic Associations Between NOS3 Polymorphisms, Blood Pressure, and Cardiovascular Events in Hypertension. Am J Hypertens 2009; 22: 697.

Schmitz KJ, Skinner HG, Bautista LE, Fingerlin TE, Langefel CD, Hicks PJ, Haffner SM, Bryer-Ash M, Wegenknecht LE, Bowden DW, Norris JM, Engelman CD. Association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D with Blood Pressure in Predominantly 25-hydroxyvitamin D Deficient Hispanic and African Americans. Am J Hypertens 2009; 22: 867-870.

Bautista LE, Stein J, Morgan B, Stanton N, Young T, Nieto J. Association of Blood and Hair Mercury with Blood Pressure and Vascular Reactivity. Wisconsin Medical Journal 2009; 108: 43-45.

Bautista LE. Blood Pressure-Lowering Effects of Statins: Who Benefits? J Hypertens 2009; 27: 1478-1484.

Bautista LE, Casas JP, Herrera VM, Miranda JJ, Perel P, Pichardo R, Gonzalez A, Sanchez JR, Ferreccio C, Aguilera X, Silva E, Orostegui M, Gomez LF, Chirinos JA, Medina-Lezama J, Perez CM, Suarez E, Ortiz AP, Rosero L, Schapochnik N, Ortiz Z, Ferrante D, on behalf of the Investigators of the Latin-American Consortium of Studies in Obesity (LASO). The Latin American Consortium of Studies in Obesity (LASO). Obesity Reviews 2009; 10: 364-370.

Herrera VM, Casas JP, Miranda JJ, Perel P, Pichardo R, González A, Sánchez JR, Ferreccio C, Aguilera X, Silva E, Oróstegui M, Gómez LF, Chirinos JA, Medina-Lezama J, Pérez CM, Suárez E, Ortiz AP, Rosero L, Schapochnik N, Ortiz Z, Ferrante D, Diaz M, Bautista LE, on behalf of the Investigators of the Latin-American Consortium of Studies in Obesity (LASO). Interethnic Differences in the Accuracy of Anthropometric Indicators of Obesity in Screening for High Risk of Coronary Heart Disease. International Journal of Obesity 2009; 33: 568-576.

Bautista LE, Correa A, Baumgartner J, Breysse P, Matanoski GM. Indoor Charcoal Smoke and Acute Respiratory Infections in Young Children in the Dominican Republic. Am J Epidemiol 2009; 169: 572-580

Bautista LE, Vargas CI, Oróstegui M, Gamarra G. Population Based Case-Control Study of Renin-Angiotensin System Gene Polymorphisms and Hypertension Among Hispanics. J Hypertens Res 2008; 31(3): 401-408.

Bautista LE. Predictors of Persistence with Antihypertensive Therapy: Results from the NHANES. Am J Hypertens 2008; 21: 183-188.

Lanas F, Avezum A, Bautista LE, Diaz R, Luna M, Islam S, Yusuf S. Risk Factors for Acute Myocardial Infarction in Latin America: The INTERHEART Latin American Study. Circulation 2007; 115: 1067-1074.

Casas JP, Cavalleri GL, Bautista LE, Smeeth L, Humphries S, Hingorani A. Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Gene Polymorphisms and Cardiovascular Disease: A HuGE Review. Am J Epidemiol 2006; 164(10): 921-935.

Bautista LE, Oróstegui M, Vera LM, Prada GE, Orozco LC, Herrán OE. Prevalence and Impact of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Bucaramanga, Colombia: Results from the Countrywide Integrated Noncommunicable Disease Intervention Programme (CINDI/CARMEN) Baseline Survey. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2006; 13(5): 769-775.

Casas JP, Shah T, Cooper J, Hawe E, McMahon AD, Gaffney D, Packard CJ, O'Reilly DS, Juhan-Vague I, Yudkin JS, Tremoli E, Margaglione M, Di Minno G, Hamsten A, Kooistra T, Stephens JW, Hurel SJ, Livingstone S, Colhoun HM, Miller GJ, Bautista LE, Meade T, Sattar N, Humphries SE, Hingorani AD. Insight into the Nature of the CRP-Coronary Event Association Using Mendelian Randomisation. Int J Epidemiol 2006; 35(4): 922-931.

Hatzigeorgiou C, Taylor AJ, Feuerstein IM, Bautista LE, O'Malley PG. Antioxidant Vitamin Intake and Subclinical Coronary Atherosclerosis. Preventive Cardiology 2006; 9: 75-81.

Yusuf S, Hawken S, Ôunpuu S, Bautista LE, Franzosi MG, Commerford P, Lang CC, Rumboldt Z, Onen C, Lisheng L, Tanomsup S, Razak F, Sharma AM, Anand S, on behalf of the INTERHEART Study Investigators. Obesity and the Risk of Myocardial Infarction: A Case-Control Study in 27,000 Subjects From 52 Countries. Lancet 2005; 366: 1640-49.

Casas JP, Bautista LE, Smeeth L, Sharma P, Hingorani AD. Homocysteine and Stroke: "Mendelian randomization" Provides Further Evidence for a Causal Link. Lancet 2005; 365: 224-32.

Bautista LE, Vera LM, Arenas IA, Gamarra G. Independent Association Between Inflammatory Markers (C-reactive Protein, Interleukin-6, and TNF-α) and Essential Hypertension. J Human Hypertens 2005; 19: 149-154.

Casas JP, Hingorani AD, Bautista LE, Sharma PJ. Meta-Analysis of Genetic Studies in Ischaemic Stroke: 32 Genes Involving ~18,000 Cases and ~58,000 Controls. Arch Neurol 2004; 61: 1652-1662.